preeminent (adj) – exceeding all others in quality or rank; of outstanding excellence or importance
BREAKDOWN: PRE- (before) E- (out of) + MIN- (project) + -ENT (inclined to)
— preeminence is high importance, superiority, or supremacy
This word is built on the root MIN-, which means to threaten, project, or hang over.
Common MIN- words include menace and prominent.
More esoteric MIN- words include commination and minatory.