metacognition (noun) – awareness or analysis of one’s own thinking or learning processes
BREAKDOWN: META- (higher) + COGN- (know) + -ION (state or act)
— cognition is the mental process by which knowledge is acquired; the process of knowing
— cognitive means related to or involving thinking, reasoning, or remembering
This word is built on the root COGN-, which means to learn or know.
Common COGN- words include recognize.
More esoteric COGN- words include cognizable and cognoscente.